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Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry 2004;8(2):185-190.
Articles : A Study on Exercise Intensity and Energy Consumption In Dancesport, Walking, Fast Walking, and Jogging
The purpose of this study was to compare the exercise intensity and energy consumption in dancesport and in walking, fast walking, jogging (especially comparing Rumba with walking, Waltz with fast walking, and Cha Cha Cha with jogging). 12 women who teach physical education and dancing at schools performed the experiment. To examine the exercise intensity and energy consumption in walking (75 m/min), fast walking (95 m/min), and jogging (140 m/min), each test was measured by wireless gas analyzer (Vmax ST) for 10 minutes each on treadmill. Three days after, the exercise intensity and energy consumption in dancesport (Rumba, Waltz, Cha cha cha) were tested for 10 minutes each. The tempos of each dance types were 25 bar/min (Rumba), 28 bar/min (Waltz), and 30 bar/min (Cha cha. cha). Conclusions were obtained by measuring the physical changes including energy consumption, oxygen consumption per weight unit, and HR with Vmax ST. Each factors of physical change was measured every twenty seconds during the test. On this basis of analyses, the results are as follows: First, jogging showed the highest level of energy consumption and Cha cha cha, waltz, Rumba, fast walking and walking markedly lesser energy consumption in order. Significant differences were observed when comparing Rumba (55.17 kcal/10 min) with walking (41.49 kcal/10 min) (p>0.05), Waltz (64.36 kcal/10 min) with fast walking (51.41 kcal/10 min) (p>0.05). It is also worthwhile to contrast the energy consumption of Cha cha cha (74.67 kcal/10 min) to that of jogging (84.01 kcal/10 min) (p>0.05). Second, jogging (92.21%) showed the highest exercise intensity. Cha cha cha (91.99%), Waltz (85.96%), Rumba (80.22%), fast walking (72.86%) and walking (65.70%) are following the order. In the examination of exercise intensity, noticeable differences were discerned between Rumba and walking and between waltz and fast walking (p>0.05) respectively. But considering Cha cha cha and jogging, the results of exercise intensity were not differentiated significantly (p>0.05). Thus, it is the unavoidable conclusion that, comparing with walking, fast walking and jogging, dancesport have the advantage of high exercise intensity and energy consumption to meet the purpose of performers without the problem of weather and place condition. Furthermore, dancesport proved to be a useful aerobic exercise that achieves high-energy efficiency in short time. To this extent, dancesport can be recommended as a continuous and regulative aerobic exercise for some people.
Key Words: Dancesport, Walking, Fast Walking, Jogging, Energy Consumption, Exercise Intensity
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